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       首頁 >> 地區版塊 >> 山西
      張銳鋒: 文學作品更要與時代同步 且談文學大坐標上的新散文
      2019年05月13日 14:56 來源:山西日報 作者:張銳鋒 字號
      關鍵詞:小說;文學雜志;傳統散文;文學作品;

      內容摘要:它的影響越來越大,它的理念、形式、方法,已經越來越深入地滲透到一批批散文作品中,現在眾多散文家都在自己的創作中,自覺接受和吸收了新散文的創作理念和要素,并在其基礎上進一步探尋散文的前途。這種大大低于新文化運動時期的散文水平,也落后于大多數古典散文的流水線制式產品的泛濫,激發了新散文探索者背叛的沖動。但這種背叛不是為了否定舊散文,而是創作者不愿意讓自己的創作重復舊散文,它試圖創造散文的新面孔。散文的一個中心的傳統看法也在新散文中被顛覆,很多新散文文本,已經不再重視中心是什么,而是更多提供微妙的個體經驗。然而新散文的橫空出世,使散文的藝術位階得到了有效提升,散文重新獲得應有的尊重。

      關鍵詞:小說;文學雜志;傳統散文;文學作品;

      作者簡介:山西省作協黨組副書記、副主席

       

        上世紀90年代之前,幾乎在所有文學雜志中,散文很難取得突出地位,它一般處于補白填空或裝飾點綴狀態。它更多時候被忽視。然而新散文的橫空出世,使散文的藝術位階得到了有效提升,散文重新獲得應有的尊重。

        20年的磨練

        “新散文20年”,這是一個非常有意義的座談會。新散文經過了20年的磨練,仍然是一個未完成的故事。之所以說未完成,是因為它還在繼續。它的影響越來越大,它的理念、形式、方法,已經越來越深入地滲透到一批批散文作品中,現在眾多散文家都在自己的創作中,自覺接受和吸收了新散文的創作理念和要素,并在其基礎上進一步探尋散文的前途。但是,新散文作為拓荒者的事實,好像被人遺忘。

        這是因為,新散文的代表性作家們埋頭創作,致力于收獲自己的新成果,缺乏更多的精力在一個充滿了商業氣息的時代傳揚自己。文學批評家也把關注點更多對準了小說。因為小說的虛構性和戲劇性稟賦,更能夠實現某些商業價值,它們或者轉化為具有更多接受者的影視作品,或者因一些重要的文學獎項,獲得更多被關注的特權和廣泛傳播的機會。

        還有一個原因,就是新散文出籠之后的很長一段時間,很多人對它持否定態度,認為它背離了傳統散文奉為圭臬的教條。它的背叛者姿態,讓人吃驚,讓人不適應,所以激起本能的抗拒。一般而言,創新總是伴隨著抗拒,因為它是陌生的。人們不愿意輕易接受一個陌生的事實。然而正是陌生的東西含有新希望,它總是挑起人們試圖扼殺新事物的沖動。這起因于人們對舊事物迷戀的癖好,也起因于積累的習慣力量不愿停止慣性。尤其是一些因傳統散文而獲利的散文寫作者,不愿放棄自己已經得到的東西。當然,從大的方向看,人類與生俱來的惰性,驅使他對得心應手駕馭的舊事物充滿迷戀。

        總之,新散文似乎被遺忘。事實上,它一直存在。它的基因已經潛入了各種不斷出籠的散文作品之中。它的靈與肉還在,只是它的名字被遺忘。這也從另一個角度,說明了新散文創造性的魅力:它不是被人經常說出,而是默默地接受它,并把它轉化為自己的營養。

      作者簡介

      姓名:張銳鋒 工作單位:

      轉載請注明來源:中國社會科學網 (責編:馮馨慧)
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