<address id="fjrfr"></address>
    <form id="fjrfr"></form><form id="fjrfr"></form>

    <address id="fjrfr"></address><address id="fjrfr"><listing id="fjrfr"><nobr id="fjrfr"></nobr></listing></address>
    <noframes id="fjrfr">

    <address id="fjrfr"></address>

    <address id="fjrfr"><nobr id="fjrfr"><menuitem id="fjrfr"></menuitem></nobr></address>

      觀點聚焦 更多>>

      日本國內圍繞這一事件的起因和性質仍有諸多混亂認識乃至謬論,特別是將歪曲的歷史觀灌輸給下一代,值得人們高度警惕。 [詳細]

      “七七事變”前:山雨欲來風滿樓 更多>>

      日本對華政策及其演變 更多>>

      自1935年起至1937年,日本三度制定對華全面戰爭意義上的年度作戰計劃。通過廣田內閣到近衛內閣,日本到1937年6月上旬建立起發動全面侵華戰爭的“準戰時體制”。按照既定的作戰計劃,在成熟的國際條件和國內戰爭準備下,駐屯軍選擇戰略地點盧溝橋制造了事變。就這樣,日本有計劃有步驟尋找時機發動了全面侵華戰爭。 [詳細]

      日本“華北駐屯軍”的擴張 更多>>

      “華北駐屯軍”擴編后,進一步加緊了對華北地區的侵略活動。1936年6月及9月,日軍先后兩次在北平西南的戰略要地豐臺挑起事端,最終于9月19日強占豐臺,中國第29軍原駐豐臺部隊被迫移至趙家莊一帶駐防。據統計,1936年“華北駐屯軍”進行了5次大規模演習,1937年1月至5月進行了3次大規模演習。自6月起,日軍更是以奪取宛平縣城和盧溝橋為目標,晝夜不斷連續演習,北平局勢日益緊張,中日之間大規模戰爭已經不可避免,最終導致了七七事變的爆發。 [詳細]

      “七七事變”當天:看似偶然實則必然 更多>>

      所謂“士兵失蹤” 更多>>

      在盧溝橋事變起始的幾個關鍵事件中,“士兵失蹤”是遠比“第一 槍”重要得多且更復雜得多的事件,這個事件到底包含著怎樣的意義?曲家源指出:日軍對“士兵失蹤”一事前后態度不同,是一個值得重視的問題。(曲家源:《對“一士兵失蹤”的考證》,《近代史研究》1991年第3期) [詳細]

      關于“第一槍”問題 更多>>

      我國學者曲家源在其著作中總結了日方部分學者的類似觀點:日軍在演習時“遭到了據說是來自中國軍隊的槍彈射擊”,進行反擊從而爆發事變。首都師范大學教授史桂芳表示,日本學者對所謂“第一槍之謎”的糾結,完全沒有意義,因為這一槍是打響在中國的領土上,中國有權進行正當的自衛。日本侵略戰爭的非正義性,才是最值得強調和反省的。(《“七七事變”80周年記:還原歷史細節 鐫刻民族記憶》) [詳細]

      “七七事變”后:狼子野心 圖窮匕見 更多>>

      假和談與真侵略 更多>>

      香月清司和宋哲元會面,是因為駐屯軍“兵力單薄,需要拖延時間,等待增援部隊到達”。就在宋哲元拜訪香月清司的7月18日,日本軍部聲稱要“膺懲”第29軍,至9月25日駐屯軍對平津地區第29軍完成包圍態勢。今井武夫宣稱:至此,對華開戰的準備已經完成,“其發動僅僅是時間問題”。(張皓:《香月清司與盧溝橋事變的擴大》,《歷史研究》2015年第5期。) [詳細]

      發動全面侵華戰爭 更多>>

      為了貫徹1937年度日軍侵華作戰計劃,便于侵華日軍各兵團制定具體作戰方案,日本陸軍參謀部又發出《昭和十二年度帝國陸軍作戰計劃要領》,具體規定日本陸軍在華北方面作戰的作戰要領,到這個時候,發動全面侵華戰爭已經箭在弦上。于是,日本再次采用“制造借口”的慣用伎倆,挑起盧溝橋事變,全面侵華戰爭由此發動。(黃一兵:《挑起全面侵華戰爭是日本法西斯的既定戰略》,《光明日報》2015年8月17日,第2版) [詳細]

      結語:日軍蓄謀已久的侵略行動 更多>>

      論著推介 更多>>

      乐彩 www.5911o.com | www.kb8854.com | www.550207.com | www.41685.com | 97297n.com | www.1168h.com | am556.cc | www.7793aa.com | www.655666c.com | 22rr8332.com | www.28000q.com | 119649.com | www.588904.com | yun8123.com | www.363477.com | www.82142.com | agaa29.com | www.1466m.com | 48330M.com | www.231844.com | www.996sun.com | 641.com | www.08588e.com | www.bm10000.com | www.178593.com | www.27363g.com | g4255.com | www.995sj.com | www.z4777.com | 4270jj.com | www.1764i.com | 2455i.com | www.167918.com | www.c555jj.com | 3807ll.com | www.qilc2.com | www.17828v.com | dz888.com | www.16065x.com | www.yh8007.com | 662229.com | www.63606l.com | 6594ll.com | 1636005.com | www.js552.com | bifa810.com | 23800l.com | www.690510.com | 33115.com | 50128.com | www.9187j.com | 3844ww.com | www.43131f.com | www.4058p.com | feicai0513.com | c388.com | www.9988gvb.com | 7703.com | 6245c.com | www.33668.com | www.058msc.com | 2595r.com | www.hd8674.com | www.223456p.com | 3846aa.com | www.16878z.com | www.b21365.com | 496.se | www.jcai0.com | www.188614.com | 3435m.com | www.643388.com | www.8850w6.com | 56988z.vip | 4997.com | www.4923v.com | www.xpj5t5.com | 0729e.com | www.876747.com | www.dfh300.com | 3178tt.com | 4647.net | www.954321h.com | www.hg219.com | 4116s.com | www.524880.com | www.766169.com | www.85770s.com | ff555n.com | www.df94.com | www.hgw6668.com | 3616j.com | 1489n.com | www.cly9.com | www.55060g.com | www.yh8004.com | 59599.com | www.9fk.com | www.xy046.com | 04666u.com | 3473o.com | www.613591.com | www.9895m.com | www.3615004.com | js01.app | www.348911.com | www.68365d.com | www.7111d.com | 71707l.com | www.083036.com | www.8582ww.com | www.492020.com | 22ii8332.com | 238228.com | www.684544.com | www.33pjjt.com | www.wl6666.cc | 8037t.com | 56988k.vip | www.33588s.com | www.xm9900.com | www.85770d.com | 550111a.com | www.219077.com | www.6939r.com | www.my95.net | www.7111w.com | dsdh2.com | bwin8y.com | www.582006.com | www.55545x.com | www.1181184.com | www.pj4666.com | 3846ggg.com | 3136uu.com | www.c300.vip | www.6678686.com | www.s9478.com | www.pj25555.com | 3788s.com | 69447711.com | www.640177.com | www.356977.com | www.90msxfptd.com | www.js507710.com | kxmapp555.com | 66300vip39.com | www.404499.com | www.7239w.com | www.9737vv.me | www.gg9702.com | 2709k.com | 4165u.com | 20166.com | www.355245.com | www.77801p.com | www.bet63a.com | www.79890m.com | 8036k.com | 4288t.com | 3304mm.com | www.257233.com | www.11081.cc | www.v6996.com | www.552226.com | www.365815n.com | pj08222.com | yh66222.com | 2757v.com | www.053552.com | www.chi32.com | www.x88789.com | www.28000k.com | www.jsjlb8.com | www.b67783.com | 11005f.com | 92266z.com | 3222t.cc | 06385050.com | www.328477.com | www.99jtk.com | www.5952233.com | www.783644.com | www.pj6668.com | www.7025j.com | 61652n.com | 2544c2.com | 51133j.com | 37688l.com | evtimes.com | 0201.cm | www.384918.com | www.okw7.com | www.37022.cc | www.66652f.com | www.55717i.com | www.06386622.com | www.9570113.com | www.751cp44.com | www.hg9930.com | www.588sun.com | www.hg8125.com | 2851y.com | 61325522.com | tb2223.com | 45888a.com | 27878gg.com | 87965vv.com | 667766z.com | 1077cc.com | 73055f.com | www.m.cp533pc.vip | www.596608.com | www.996863.com | www.5441x.com | www.4323e.com | www.910655.com | www.7140588.com | www.07679r.com | www.xpjylc008.com | www.1559501.com | www.7hg6668.com | www.9b007.com | www.yzcp2024.com | www.082js.com | www.71071v.com | www.1168v.com | www.tyc714.com | www.288988c.com | www.29msxfptc.com | www.amvip111.com | www.5360ss.com | www.163a4.com | www.rg777.com | www.515973.com | www.ybw18.com | www.jz298.com | www.yh8878n.com | www.50999t.com | www.jz298.com | www.4996gx.com | www.s32031.com | www.44118i.com | www.48330u.com | www.js02345.com | www.3036222.com | www.86267r.com | www.33598h.com | www.0058c.com | www.am6543.com | www.876899.com | www.307797.com | www.52072g.com | 5802oo.com | 1591qqq.com | 500000592.com | 201866.com | pj00pp.com | 73055q.com | 3245m.com | www.hg635.com | www.pj2016.com | www.145377.com | www.2945f.com | www.g69096.com | www.86339s.com | www.9286.com | www.0ttz.com | www.djcp004.com | 3424y.com | h4212.com | rrr67890.com | 3379uu.com | www.vns6266.com | www.7111z.com | www.hg8205.com | www.dzj0555.com | www.69488.com | www.12455c.com | www.677375.com | www.35918e.com | 897dd.cc | 3807yy.com | yth15.net | www.bet365604.com | www.965082.com | www.5981h.com | www.hg0295.com | www.3890i.com | www.332069.com | 66300vip14.com | 4260011.com | x86200.com | www.3643q.com | www.yyyy0066.com | www.77782yh.com | www.62118g.com | www.799439.com | 8yth.com | 025939.com | 55818w.com | www.xin888666.com | www.370175.com | www.506201.com | www.8667m.com | www.186796.com | 16290077.com | js3032.com | www.67797t.com | www.68hyc.com | www.9989589.com | www.962095.com | 3844o.com | j67890.com | 38345b.com | www.h7733.com | www.685029.com | www.6661e.cc | 08530001.com | 4488sss.com | js14w.com | www.40566.com | www.780780e.com | www.gczj6.com | jixiang12.com | 4488fff.com | www.wn0006.com | www.938.cc | www.3978m.com | www.357803.com | y1253.com | pjanhui.com | www.718888.com | www.1115.com | www.092603.com | 7681006.com | x48o.com | www.77731x.com | www.bi16.com | 9964n.com | 4368.com | www.j8998.com | www.79095g.com | www.976921.com | xpj888b.com | 55545d.com | www.amdc0009.com | www.7434.com | 7v3777.com | 614151.com | www.48123.hk | www.708wb.com | www.099816.com | 3467.cc | www.56520a.com | www.00778x.com | www.926576.com | 33779193.com | www.xpj8888.cc | www.66hg6.com | www.985579.com | 1294l.com | sss5144.com | www.38345y.com | www.77qxc.com | 4433634.com | 876878r.com | www.s32939.com | www.hm8222.com | pjshanghai.com | www.5555wns.com | www.06820b.com | www.514577.com | 51452.com | www.006074.com | www.441394.com | 243d11.com | js004.com | www.sbtyc.com | www.22030.cc | 08702004.com | vns8g.com | 4018c.com | www.hg6299.com | www.60007q.com | 1007811.com | 1705x.com | www.922424.com | www.203035.com | 80368ff.com | www.49yj.com | www.hm3355.com | 2222k0.com | www.kk8996.com | www.53900h.com | 360urlscan.com | www.333222h.com | www.0088psb.com | 445.com | sxpj62622.com | www.06820l.com | www.117035.com | 36500365.com | www.10999g.com | www.263520.com | m58955.com | www.pj88e.com | www.320662.com | 35uu.vip | www.4058d.com | qhbwz.com | 883399h.com | www.467155.com | 11018l.com | amjzh.top | www.7920k.com | 2349013.com | www.am1666.com | www.37377k.com | js001295.com | www.hg1115k.com | www.50788n.com | 1036.com | www.www904744.com | www.672366.com | wnsr8824.com | www.3983177.com | le888r.com | www.341188.com | www.yun990.com | 7742rr.com | www.922646.com | www.602721.com | 9895t.com | www.97994e.com | www35.vip | www.v771177.com | www.03gcw.com | 3868oo.cc | www.10999g.com | 123456xx.cc | www.76543i.com | www.11260.cc | mgm20.vip | www.621301.com | 9895l.com | www.67223g.com | www.hqcp4.com | 61325522.com | www.2234.cc | 3805.com | www.hemi168.com | www.106135.com | www.hg3028.com | www.35155b.com | pj88vv.com | www.118.ceo | 9980.com | www.332159.com | www.81678a.com | www.9374x.com | www.5086m.com | 9649l.com | www.773570.com | 8fll8.com | www.526688.com | 6868-a.cc | www.34666.com | www.573898.com | j1503.com | www.36166z.com | 9339999z.com | www.h98478.com | 5853.com | www.245252.com | l82365.com | www.c688.com | 4123oo.com | www.333639.com | 22299mm.com | www.hgw8638.com | www.508869.com | www.vns8895.com | www.947547.com | yu989.com | www.3479a.com | j47479.com | www.21202g.com | 8827vvv.com | www.77801g.com | 2018mxc.com | www.771496.com | 964477.com | www.hg56977.com | 00774ww.com | www.5956868.com | jing26.com | www.72211.com | yulecheng888.com | www.93777.com | 0808bc.com | www.77114r.com | 35252a.com | www.65719.cc | bet35365j.com | www.hy6939.com | www.yh66607.com | www.825799.com | www.6491n.com | www.wcp777888.com | www.3643r.com | www.085366.com | www.amdc0066.com | xinshijiylc6.com | www.2266605.com | 3421w.com | www.79095m.com | 4590hh.com | www.9646p.com | 2506a.com | www.dan50.com | www.32126w.net | www.308139.com | www.095985.com | jixiang12.com | www.9c123.com | yinhe638.com | www.77jsc.com | 55966.cc | www.c705.cc | www.00618p.com | q759.top | www.qmc0011.com | 2767dcom | www.fg500.com | zz3189.com | www.799497.com | www.969516.com | 44488i.com | www.4996hl.com | 4196b.com | www.9818g.cc | www.4625p.com | 1468lll.com | www.88166q.com | 8344dd.com | www.54400x.com | www.38200n.com | 66093399.com | www.4963aa.com | 32666f.com | www.25688g.com | www.44455508.com | 69990u.com | www.306654.com | 5309a.com | www.949410.com | www.f88yule9.com | 1591kkk.com | www.37377d.com | 77368888.com | xpj70063.com | www.673888k.com | wnsr8829.com | www.855765.com | www.9978qq.com | 3334136.com | www.36583333.com | www.8124j.com | 6220zz.com | www.8080999i.com | y854.cc | www.316530.com | www.cp67776.com | vns00bb.com | www.tang777.com | www.f88yule9.com | toucai99.com | www.21202f.com | www.27878gg.com | 35252o.com | www.sx139975.com | www.39695v.com | pj677s.com | www.ribo88.com | www.mh3888.com | 6137i.net | www.68993256.com | www.yh3377.cc | 5005s.com | www.868559.com | www.63877q.com | 3967j.com | www.rfdc07.com | www.9996ss.com | 33889737.com | www.12455n.com | www.xpj7149.com | 1443d.com | www.44kcw.com | www.563012.com | 4288j.com | www.715025.com | www.ggo.99233o.com | hy738.com | www.031069.com | www.33678aa.com | www.jsw66.cc | 22214066.com | www.35155h.com | www.hg190.com | 3807q.com | www.570477.com | www.00772i.com | 8866vn77.com | 3522.cc | www.77996c.com | www.xpj7149.com | 4018s.com | www.361550.com | www.1754.com | www.7720o.com | 55984b.com | www.33yfa.com | www.77731p.com | 6830b.com | p88890.com | www.89894r.com | www.294294.com | 6789blr.com | 01007.com | www.72211.com | www.8030c.com | 4960066.com | vipxinquan.com | www.663189.com | www.234567o.com | 93922g.com | fk.wp8808.com | www.89777z.com | www.53699.com | 61323311.com | 44446.com | www.77801b.com | www.447066.com | 8577q.cc | 239428.com | www.989778.com | www.55070l.com | www.8124r.com | 97799mcom | www.320477.com | www.999qipai.com | www.k444.net | 2222k09.com | 51133hh.com | www.3479aa.com | www.r32939.com | www.xhtd68.com | 36405588.com | 8520n.com | www.50026w.com | www.0057a.com | www.s1128.com | 8547n.com | www.035989.com | www.hg27588.com | www.pj00880.com | 9994001.com | bh55234.com | www.055983.com | www.12455i.com | www.bj563.com | www.85770z.com | 071919.com | 83086z.com | www.13czj.com | www.11521.com | www.4488tq.com | mm2649.com | 4255kkk.com | www.127880.com | www.66376x.com | www.85xpj.com | www.w8867.com | ctxcp58.com | viv.qipai78.net | www.097918.com | www.41518f.com | www.bwinyz20.com | www.35553999.com | 99111yy.com | 616.net | 89892bb.com | www.ch8567.com | www.1764e.com | www.dw982.com | www.hg10567.com | 3664yh.com | 80892pp.com | www.43131o.com | www.022c.cc | www.436bbb.com | www.jsc33.com | www.3332558.com | 6868sw.cc | 89777k.com | 2805u.com | www.452806.com | www.49956d.com | www.vnsr928.com | www.5589111.com | www.67797r.com | 6830b.com | 8538q.com | 5622h.com | www.77803u.com | www.hx6697.com | www.633547.com | www.89677w.com | www.368915.com | www.pj7889.com | 4023q.com | 4590pp.com | vip66657.com | 5443j.com | www.528112.com | www.9155e.com | www.806765.com | www.19019u.com | www.294294.com | www.00829l.com | vns0044.com | 189788.com | 08778g.com | 55557.com | 256777v.com | www.340911.com | www.gu64.com | www.77210c.com | www.0612f.com | www.hg173e.com | www.517msc.com | www.2x0048.com | www.63877q.com | 4195hh.com | b5429.com | 3645.com | tiange1.com | feicai0516.com | 3156www.com | www.083026.com | www.689744.com | www.022a.cc | www.66332r.com | www.fg9903.com | www.535087.com | www.26123bb.com | www.qmc0066.com | www.msc353.com | www.4270gg.com | www.00829l.com | www.8124i.com | sun7766.com | 883399e.com | b5429.com | 8547tt.com | 0003890.com | 5350u.com | 496.vc | 655660022.com | 1654u.com | 8547.com | 470178.com | 30019h.com | 66744.com | 61321199.com | 910088.com | www.67258e.com | www.177949.com | www.324577.com | www.444201.com | www.566011.com | www.761996.com | www.890702.com | www.973709.com | www.hm3555.com | www.hw8889.com | www.hx6693.com | www.hf1680.com | www.c760.vip | www.927670.com | www.898341.com | www.910997.com | www.978960.com | www.901175.com | www.731996.com | www.756586.com | www.593477.com | www.444075.com | www.281380.com | www.033708.com | 4116d.com | aa5443.com | 30007j.com | dh742.com | 450372.com | 3304zz.com | 8159d.cc | 28839q.com | 55545e.com | 3049j.com | www.777xin2.com | www.830678.com | www.299888.com | www.0777msc.com | www.789668.net | www.2018fh.com | www.7.ag | www.8911333.com | www.1358002.com | www.60123s.com | www.21czj.com | www.665991.com | www.217113.com | 444000lll.com | 58588r.com | 3778rr.com | 9068l.com | duch019.com | 3868amyhzz.com | www.7630679.com | www.708118.com | www.yifa325.com | www.16181m.com | www.0600c.cc | www.991qp.com | www.11dwj.com | www.562601.com | 4647q.com | 111122pp.com | 838388v.com | 9958955.com | 1294a.com | www.20150000.com | www.yingle33.com | www.xpj16682.com | www.68993232.com | www.3005y.com | www.564696.com | 70766633.com | 7811q.com | 4541p.com | 4833044.com | www.9679t.com | www.5966ppp.com | www.c063801.com | www.yh76i.com | www.915776.com | bl3388.com | 684526.com | 9958911.com | www.777xin2.com | www.byc06.com | www.69jsjs.com | www.x66789.com | www.08xyc.com | www.86267v.com | pj88488.com | 1489q.com | www.033033x.com | www.88993h.com | www.4963kk.com | www.fa7969.com | www.996546.com | tt6831.com | ww080.us | 55ee8332.com | www.98am444.com | www.hccp998.com | www.5856862.com | www.c1663.com | 08530002.com | vip268268.com | w35151.com | www.323567.com | www.99113y.com | www.bj6666.com | www.712012.com | 3568pp.com | z9p5j.cn | www.bet365a4.com | www.5504p.com | www.89777i.com | www.635477.com | 66458f.com | 9649r.com | www.9996kk.com | www.8967r.com | www.99638c.com | www.210755.com | 972t.com | 3049l.com | www.65581.com | www.a201879.com | www.769301.com | 3379xx.com | 365vip700.cc | www.348004.com | www.69989d.com | www.gyfc6.com | igcp.com | 998k.cc | www.3941177.com | www.z063801.com | www.csgc7.com | 38648oo.cc | 86811rr.com | www.69096q.com | www.6687i.com | www.126788a.com | 7733vn77.com | hgyz33.com | www.74109f.com | www.093728.com | www.306503.com | 0207210.com | www.8124a.com | www.16181o.com | www.5xct.com | ooo5144.com | oo56988.com | www.fbs333.com | www.30wb.top | www.41518b.com | 30688g.com | www.2078v.com | www.86339w.com | www.495358.com | 23300c.com | www.4111.cc | www.3577.ag | www.731091.com | yuhe.in | www.hg5538.com | www.8473x.com | www.983480.com | 5856f.com | www.hg1233.com | www.38138y.com | www.805357.com | 7779p.cc | www.9785999.com | www.f3410.com | www.500231.com | 57c53.com | www.18373876153.com | www.99094j.com | www.88266u.com | yhgansu.vip | www.779333.com | www.57578f.com | 6191js.com | 50025577.com | www.bwin920.co | www.645880.com | 3846aaa.com | www.swj68.com | www.ky1001.com | zhcp20.com | 1222.com | www.q7764.com | www.355225.com | zd6161.com | www.zs5544.com | www.3552q.com | 188qq77.com | www.9068qq.com | www.win1236.com | 3089t.com | 5456o.com | www.344654.com | www.233591.com | df8kk.com | www.5049n.com | www.855762.com | 4022m.com | www.27119.com | www.57022.cc | 4546vip2.com | www.77537s.com | www.ylylc03.com | 66876k.com | www.8124i.com | www.48330q.com | 2820e.com | www.81a88.com | www.99094f.com | 35442000.com | www.bmw0005.com | www.4350.vip | o2490.com | www.hg44401.com | www.99094j.com | 01234vv.com | www.vns8895.com | www.0076788.com | 55zz8332.com | www.00618j.com | www.6653j.com | 1442.com | www.5504pj.com | www.9478t.com | 66552007.com | www.esb116.net | www.775702.com | 365bet888.com | www.8967r.com | www.101062.com | 500000777.com | www.38775uu.com | 51335e.com | www.700h.com | www.99638m.com | 33uu8331.com | www.988306b.com | www.763287.com | 98955p.com | www.64566b.com | jxddcs.com | www.v3305.com | www.68689k.com | 218uu.com | www.38238x.com | www.388229.com | 7945.com | www.50hd.cc | 80892kk.com | www.yhxizang.vip | www.966013.com | 61328811.com | www.8080999d.com | 0015qq.com | www.z8867.com | www.qilc8.com | z8381.com | www.33678ii.com | 5906rr.com | www.6699mmmm.com | www.806292.com | 3169e.com | www.444999qipai.com | 1259q.com | www.hg8297.com | www.231002.com | www.200448.com | www.88266j.com | 3416t.com | www.10999e.com | yth18.net | www.fzf098.com | www.660665.com | 2677yyy.com | www.4323a.com | 9068l.com | www.781516.com | qhc52.com | www.363123.com | www.318073.com | www.ylhg9898.com | www.50052d.com | yt8801.com | www.xpj126.com | s99345.am | www.c3065.com | 6766cc.com | www.232t.com | www.41518o.com | www.77537x.com | www.676477.com |